ChIN简介页:The Craft of Scientific Writing (科技写作技巧)
首  页 | ChemDB Portal | 帮  助 | 论  坛 |  关于本站 | 动态网页


The Craft of Scientific Writing (科技写作技巧)



【作者】Michael Alley

【版本】Third Edition






     The Craft of Scientific Writing is designed to help scientists and engineers--both professionals already active in the disciplines as well as students preparing to enter the professions--write about their work clearly and effectively.

The author, who is both a writer and an applied physicist, approaches the subject in a fresh way. Using scores of examples from a wide variety of authors and disciplines (including such well-known figures as Einstein, Bohr, and Freud), the book demonstrates the difference between strong scientific writing and weak scientific writing. In essence, this book shows you how to bring your ideas across to your intended audience. In addition, it contains advice on how to start writing, and how to revise your drafts.

Written for use as a text in courses on scientific writing, the book includes many useful suggestions about approaching a wide variety of writing tasks--from laboratory reports to grant proposals, from internal communications to press releases--as well as a concise guide to style and usage appropriate for scientific writing. The book will also be useful for self-study and it will be an important reference for all scientists and engineers who need to write about their work.
Topics covered include:
- Deciding Where to Begin
- Structure: Organizing Your Documents; Providing Depth, Transitions, and Emphasis
- Language: Being Precise, Clear, and Concise; Being Forthright, Familiar, and Fluid
- Illustration: Making the Right Choices; Creating the Best Designs
- Handling Special Situations
- Actually Sitting Down to Write: Drafting; Revising; Finishing

Table of Contents to The Craft of Scientific Writing
1. Introduction: Deciding Where to Begin
Establishing Your Constraints
Selecting Your Stylistic Tools

2. Structure: Organizing Your Documents
Beginnings of Documents
Middles of Documents
Endings of Documents

3. Structure: Providing Transition, Depth, and Emphasis
Transitions Between Details
Depth of Details
Emphasis of Details

4. Language: Being Precise
Choosing the Right Word
Choosing the Right Level of Detail

5. Language: Being Clear
Avoiding Needless Complexity
Avoiding Ambiguity

6. Language: Being Forthright
Controlling Tone
Choosing Strong Nouns and Verbs

7. Language: Being Familiar
Avoiding Unfamiliar Terms
Defining Unfamiliar Terms
Incorporating Examples and Analogies

8. Language: Being Concise
Eliminating Redundancies
Eliminating Writing Zeroes
Reducing Sentences to Simplest Forms
Eliminating Bureacratic Waste

9. Language: Being Fluid
Varying Sentence Rhythms
Eliminating Discontinuities

10. Illustration: Making the Right Choices
Choosing Tables
Choosing Figures

11. Illustration: Creating the Best Designs
Being Precise
Being Clear
Being Fluid
Being Familiar

12. Writing Correspondence
Constraints of Correspondence
Style of Correspondence

13. Writing Proposals
Constraints of Proposals
Style of Proposals

14. Writing Instructions
Constraints of Instructions
Style of Instructions

15. Preparing Presentations
Constraints of Presentations
Style of Presentations

16. Format: Dressing Documents for Success
Typography of Documents
Layout of Documents

17. Actually Sitting Down to Write
Getting in the Mood
Writing the First Draft
Revising, Revising, Revising

Appendix A: Avoiding the Pitfalls of Grammar and Punctuation
Appendix B: A Usage Guide for Scientists and Engineers





Summary by 杨宏伟 on 2003-01-17

Last updated by 杨宏伟 on 2003-01-17

访问统计 | 软 件 | 论文专著 | 请留言 请在800x600分辨率以上,用IE4.0以上版本浏览
版权所有 © 1998 - 2015 中国科学院过程工程研究所