【作者】 Susanne Bjorner, Bjorner & Associates & Stephanie C. Ardito, Ardito Information & Research, Inc.
【卷(期):页】 Vol. 11 No. 6
【出版日期】 Jun. 2003
In 2003, many — indeed most — people think the word "online" means the Internet. But there was an "online" before the Internet. In this space and for succeeding months, we will explore the genesis of the first online industry, which surfaced in the late 1960s, and served primarily information scientists; documentation experts; government researchers in educational, scientific, technical and medical fields; and librarians.
We believe the small but vigorous market that developed around early online technology paved the way for the phenomenon of the World Wide Web in the mid-1990s, and that many of the issues intertwined in the growth of early online presaged those that later exploded with the Web. We don't think those individuals and companies that ignited information access through the Web learned much from the development of the first online — indeed, we doubt that many, if any, were particularly aware of it — but we do think there are lessons to be learned from an examination of the growth of the early online industry. This series presents the stories of some of the important individuals who produced the first online wave.
Summary by 李晓霞 on 2004-09-01
Last updated by 李晓霞 on 2004-09-01