ChIN简介页:化学历史中的经典文章
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化学历史中的经典文章

【URL】 http://dbhs.wvusd.k12.ca.us/webdocs/Chem-History/Classic-Papers-Menu.html

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【简介】
     This web is a part of John Park's ChemTeam site, which provides study resources in all standard topics for students in high school and Advanced Placement chemistry. It supplies a collection of classical papers from chemistry history posted by John L. Park. These papers are arranged in chronological sequence.

Table of Contents:

Primary Articles (almost all are excerpted)
c. 50 B.C. - Lucretius' De Rerum Natura (On the Nature of Things)
An excerpt of De Rerum Natura
15?? - an example of Paracelsus' alchemical writing
1677 - Roemer on the speed of light
1749 - Benjamin Franklin "Experiments and Observations on Electricity"
1763 - Boscovich develops theory of point-like atoms
1772 - Priestley on making carbonated water
1775, 1777 - Lavoisier on the composition of the atmosphere
1798 - Count Rumford on heat
1800 - Volta on the battery
1807 - Thomson on Dalton's Atomic Theory
1808 - Davy discovers sodium and potassium
1808 - Thomson "On Oxalic Acid"
1808 - Wollason "On Super-acid and Sub-acid Salts"
1811 - Avogadro's Essay
1811 - Davy on chlorine
1823 - Faraday liquifies chlorine
1828 - W?hler on Urea
1829 - Brownian Motion
1834 - Faraday on electrolysis
1840 - Hess' Law
1845 - Joule on the mechanical equivalent of heat
1858 - Cannizzaro's Sketch of a Course of Chemical Philosophy
1860 - Kirchhoff & Bunsen on chemical analysis by spectra
1864 - Waage & Guldberg on the Law of Mass Action
1865 - Loschmidt on the size of an air molecule
September 1874 - van 't Hoff on the tetrahedral carbon atom
November 1874 - LeBel on the tetrahedral carbon atom
1877 - The Discovery of Gallium
1879 - The Discovery of Scandium
1881 - Helmholtz's Faraday Lecture
1886 - The Discovery of Germanium
1887 - Arrhenius on electrolytic dissociation
1887 - van 't Hoff on osmosis
1888 - Ostwald's dilution law
1894 - Ostwald on catalysis
1894 - Stoney uses the term electron
1895 - Perrin on cathode rays
1897 - the Zeeman effect
1899 - Rutherford discovers Alpha and Beta radiation
1899 - Thomson "On the Masses of the Ions in Gases at Low Pressures"
1900 - Rutherford discovers half-life
1901 - Planck discovers the quantum
1902 - Kelvin on atomic structure
1904 - Thomson on the structure of the atom
1904 - Nagaoka on the structure of the atom
1906 - Thomson on the number of corpuscles in an atom
1907 - Arrhenius on the Thomson (1904) model of the atom
1909 - Geiger & Marsden discover wide-angle alpha particle scattering
1909 - S?renson's introduction of pH
1909 - Bjerrum on strong electrolytes
1910 - Geiger determines the most probable angle of alpha scattering
1911 - Rutherford's first announcement of the nucleus concept
1911 - Rutherford's full paper on the discovery of the nucleus
1911 - van den Broek's first letter on the atomic number concept
1913 - Fajans on isotopes
1913 - Geiger and Marsden do an extensive alpha particle scattering survey
1913 - van den Broek's second letter on the atomic number concept
1913 & 1914 - Moseley on the high frequency spectra of the elements
1913 - the Bohr Model of the Atom
1914 - Rutherford follows up his 1911 nucleus paper
1916 - Lewis on the shared electron pair bond
1916 - Kossel on chemical bonding
1919a - Langmuir on Octet Theory
1919b - Langmuir on Octet Theory
1920 - Aston on mass spectroscopy
1920 - Debye explains the origin of the van der Waals force
1920 - Latimer and Rodebush on the Hydrogen Bond
1921 - Bohr on the electronic structure of the periodic table
1921 - Bury on the electronic structure of the periodic table
1922 - Brackett discovers the series named for him
1923 - Br?nsted on acids and bases
1923 - Debye & Hückel on strong electrolytes
1924 - Stoner on the correct Electron Distribution in orbitals
1925 - Pauli on the fourth quantum number
1925 - Uhlenbeck & Goudsmit discover spin
1929 - Lennard-Jones predicts the paramagnetism of dioxygen
1932 - Chadwick discovers the neutron (letter)
1932 - Chadwick discovers the neutron (article)
1932 - Pauling on electronegativity
1934 - Fermi mistakenly identifies a transuranic element
1934 - Noddack responds to Fermi on element 93
1934 - Rutherford discovers fusion (letter)
1934 - Rutherford discovers fusion (article)
1939 - Hahn and Strassmann announce the discovery of fission
1939 - the above article in the original German
1939 - Meitner on fission
1939 - Hahn and Strassmann follow up on fission
1939 - Frisch on fission
1939 - Bohr on the Liquid Drop Model of Fission
1949 - Eyewitness account of first atomic reactor

Secondary Articles
How the Theory of Solutions Arose

Biographical Articles
The Genius of James Clerk Maxwell, Part 2
The Genius of James Clerk Maxwell, Part 3

Miscellaneous Articles
1855- Faraday complaining about pollution
Birthplace of the Web
A Dictionary of Eighteenth-Century Chemical Terms


Summary by 何莉 on 2004-02-11

Last updated by 杨宏伟 on 2004-07-20

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