Chemical Information System (CIS) combines the following 15 databases providing information about chemicals in the environment, available through
AQUIRE - Aquatic Information Retrieval
AQUIRE, produced by the US EPA, contains information on acute, chronic, bioaccumulative, and sublethal effects data from tests performed on freshwater and saltwater organisms (bacteria, birds, and aquatic mammals are excluded). Data items include chemical substance information, study protocol, and test results. More than 137,000 records for 6,000 chemicals.
BIODEG - Biodegradation of Substances in the Environment
BIODEG was developed through the collaborative efforts of the EPA's Office of Toxic Substances and the Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC). This database includes over 6,000 records with information about the biodegradation of chemical substances in several types of experiments (biological treatment simulations, screening tests, field studies, grab samle tests etc.) under a variety of experimental conditions (e.g., aerobic, anaerobic, etc.)
BIOLOG - Biodegradation Literature References
BIOLOG, developed through the collaborative efforts of the EPA's Office of Toxic Substances and the Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC), is an index of published literature on the biodegradation and microbial toxicity of chemical substances.
CERCLIS - CERCLA Information System
CERCLIS contains information on active hazardous waste sites and NFRAP ("no further remedial action planned") sites nominated or chosen for cleanup under the Superfund program. Records contain summaries of the status of the site with regard to Superfund, including names and addresses of potentially responsible parties (PRPs). Inclusion of a specific site or area in the CERCLIS database does not represent a determination of any party's liability, nor a finding that any response action is necessary; it merely indicates that hazardous waste is, or was alleged to be, present at the site.
DATALOG was developed through the collaborative efforts of the EPA's Office of Toxic Substances and the Syracuse Research Corporation(SRC). This database includes bibliographic references to published journal articles on the environmental fate and the physical-chemical properties of chemicals released into the environment. References to 18 environmental fate properties (e.g. water solubility, photolysis, hydrolysis, biodegradation and more) are included for more than 23,000 chemical substances.
ENVIROFATE - Environmental Fate
ENVIROFATE, developed through the collaborative efforts of the EPA's Office of Toxic Substances and the Syracuse Research Corporation (SRC), provides access to information on the environmental fate or behavior of chemicals released in the environment. Data on environmental transformation rates (e.g., biodegradation, oxidation, hydrolysis) and on physical-chemical properties (e.g., water solubility, photolysis, hydrolysis, biodegradation) is included. Records are drawn from papers published around the world involving chemicals that are produced in excess of one million pounds annually.
FINDS - Facilities Index Data System
FINDS contains more than 1,500,000 records for sites and facilities regulated by the US EPA under a variety of statutes including RCRA, CERCLA, the Clean Air Act, the Clean Water Act, TSCA, FIFRA, TRIS, and more.
ISHOW - Information System for Hazardous Organics in Water
ISHOW, sponsored by the Office of Toxic Substances of the US Environmental Protection Agency, was developed by the EPA laboratory in Duluth, MN in conjunction with the University of Minnesota. This database includes physical property data on 16,633 chemicals with bibliographic references to the original sources. Not all properties are recorded for all substances included during the period of 1985-1990.
The NIOSHTIC? Database is a bibliographic database of literature in the field of occupational safety and health. Because NIOSH examines all aspects of adverse effects experienced by workers, much of the information contained in NIOSHTIC? has been selected from sources that do not necessarily have a primary occupational safety and health orientation. Technical articles from over 4,000 sources including approximately 160 core journals and information from proceedings of scientific meetings and symposia are indexed.
PHYTOTOX - Plant Toxicity
PHYTOTOX data were originally compiled at the University of Oklahoma Department of Botany and Microbiology. On-going work on the database is performed by the US EPA. PHYTOTOX provides access to information about the biological effects of the application of natural and synthetic organic chemicals to terrestial plants.
RCRIS - Resource Conservation and Recovery Information System
RCRIS is compiled by state and federal environmental agencies under the direction of the US EPA, Office of Solid Waste. This database provides comprehensive information on all RCRA hazardous waste handlers including large and small-quantity generators, transporters, burner/blenders, incinerators, and TSD facilities. Records describing hazardous material handlers, their operations, classification, permitting, and violations are available for over 456,000 sites.
RTECS? Database - Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances
RTECS is produced by the US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. Toxicity information and other data such as chemical identifiers used in the preparation of safety directives and hazard evaluations is available for over 147,000 substances.
SANSS - Structure and Nomeclature Search System
SANSS includes information from over 100 sources on nearly a million chemical names representing over 500,000 substances, including CAS Registry Numbers, structural diagrams, molecular formulas, systematic names, and synomyns.
TERRETOX - Terrestrial Toxicity
Created by the EPA, TERRETOX includes nearly 40,000 records about the toxic effects of almost 1,300 chemical substances on more than 200 species of terrestrial animals. TERRETOX deals with primarily mammals and birds, although some insects, amphibians and other species are included.
TSCATS - Toxic Substances Control Act Test Submissions
TSCATS includes over 63,000 records of information on unpublished health and safety studies submitted to EPA under the provisions of the Toxic Substances Control Acts. Copies of the referenced studies can be purchased on microfiche.
National Information Services Corporation (NISC, 美国)
RTECS (Registry of Toxic Effects of Chemical Substances)
Summary by 李晓霞 on 2000-07-17
Last updated by 李晓霞 on 2000-07-17