Krzysztof Matyjaszewski is the recipient of two prestigious awards from the American Chemical Society for his extensive and creative accomplishments in polymer science. First, the ACS 2002 Award in Polymer Science is given annually to a world leader in polymer science research. In addition, Matyjaszewski joins a group of exceptional Pittsburgh chemists as recipient of the 2001 Pittsburgh Award for leadership in chemical affairs locally and in the larger professional community.
Research in the Matyjaszewski group at Carnegie Mellon has included significant accomplishments in three major areas: the synthesis of novel inorganic and/or organometallic polymers, "living" carbocationic polymerization, and controlled polymers via radical processes. Matyjaszewski has developed new methods for preparing well-defined polymers in systems that were previously thought to be impossible to control (e.g. polysilanes, polyphosphazenes and free-radical polymerization). Through expertise in kinetics and mechanisms of controlled/living polymerization, he has developed syntheses of many polymers and copolymers with novel topologies, compositions and functionality. Novel catalytic systems--discovered, improved and optimized in his laboratory--have attracted industrial interest.
His most recent achievement is atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), which is currently perhaps the most robust system to control radical polymerization of important monomers such as styrenes, acrylates, methacrylates, acrylonitile, and acrylamides. ATRP has been successfully used to synthesize various block, graft, gradient, periodic and statistical copolymers. It has also been used to introduce various functional groups as chain ends and to construct macromolecules with novel topologies including star, comb and hyperbranched (or dendritic) structures. The impact of ATRP on polymer synthesis has been impressive. Matyjaszewski's first paper on ATRP (published in J. Am. Chem. Soc. in 1995) has been cited more than 500 times. Kris has published over two hundred papers on controlled radical polymerization.
Matyjaszewski has previously received awards from the Polish Academy of Sciences (1975), Polish Chemical Society (1980), Presidential Young Investigator Award (1989), ACS Creative Polymer Chemistry Award (1995), Elf Chair from French Academy of Sciences (1998), and the Humboldt Award for US Senior Scientists (1999). He was recently inducted as a Fellow of the ACS Division of Polymeric Materials, Science and Engineering (2001). He holds more than 20 US and international patents and works closely with industry through the ATRP Consortium (13 companies in 1996-2000) and the CRP Consortium (21 companies in 2001-2005).
Carnegie Mellon University
Department of Chemistry
4400 Fifth Avenue
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
2002年美国化学会国家奖获得者 (ACS 2002 National Award Recipients)
Summary by 何莉 on 2003-10-15
Last updated by 何莉 on 2003-10-15